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Research Highlights—Focus on Applied Sciences

In the current article, we present a selection of recently published papers that highlight the latest research in trending topics, including nanofluids, nanotechnology and applied nanosciences, applied artificial neural networks and control systems.

On Squeezed Flow of Jeffrey Nanofluid between Two Parallel Disks

Tasawar Hayat, Tehseen Abbas, Muhammad Ayub, Taseer Muhammad and Ahmed Alsaedi

The present communication examines the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) squeezing flow of Jeffrey nanofluid between two parallel disks. Constitutive relations of Jeffrey fluid are employed in the problem development. Heat and mass transfer aspects are examined in the presence of thermophoresis and Brownian motion. Jeffrey fluid subject to time dependent applied magnetic field is conducted. Suitable variables lead to a strong nonlinear system. The resulting systems are computed via homotopic approach. The behaviors of several pertinent parameters are analyzed through graphs and numerical data. Skin friction coefficient and heat and mass transfer rates are numerically examined.

Influence of Induced Magnetic Field on Free Convection of Nanofluid Considering Koo-Kleinstreuer-Li (KKL) Correlation

M. Sheikholeslami, Q. M. Zaigham Zia and R. Ellahi

In this paper, the influence of induced magnetic field on free convection of Al2O3-water nanofluid on permeable plate by means of Koo-Kleinstreuer-Li (KKL) model is reported. Impact of Brownian motion, along with the properties of nanofluid, are also taken into account. The resulting equations are solved utilizing Runge-Kutta integration method. Obtained results are examined for innumerable energetic parameters, namely Al2O3 volume fraction, suction parameter, and Hartmann and magnetic Prandtl numbers. Results indicate that the velocity profile reduces with rise of the suction parameter and magnetic Prandtl and Hartmann numbers but it increases with addition of nanoparticles. Shear stress enhances with rise of suction parameter, magnetic Prandtl and Hartmann numbers. Temperature gradient improves with augment of suction parameter.

Dual-Tree Complex Wavelet Transform and Twin Support Vector Machine for Pathological Brain Detection

Shuihua Wang, Siyuan Lu, Zhengchao Dong, Jiquan Yang, Ming Yang and Yudong Zhang

(Aim) Classification of brain images as pathological or healthy case is a key pre-clinical step for potential patients. Manual classification is irreproducible and unreliable. In this study, we aim to develop an automatic classification system of brain images in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (Method) Three datasets were downloaded from the Internet. Those images are of T2-weighted along axial plane with size of 256 × 256. We utilized an s-level decomposition on the basis of dual-tree complex wavelet transform (DTCWT), in order to obtain 12s “variance and entropy (VE)” features from each subband. Afterwards, we used support vector machine (SVM) and its two variants: the generalized eigenvalue proximal SVM (GEPSVM) and the twin SVM (TSVM), as the classifiers. In all, we proposed three novel approaches: DTCWT + VE + SVM, DTCWT + VE + GEPSVM, and DTCWT + VE + TSVM. (Results) The results showed that our “DTCWT + VE + TSVM” obtained an average accuracy of 99.57%, which was not only better than the two other proposed methods, but also superior to 12 state-of-the-art approaches. In addition, parameter estimation showed the classification accuracy achieved the largest when the decomposition level s was assigned with a value of 1. Further, we used 100 slices from real subjects, and we found our proposed method was superior to human reports from neuroradiologists. (Conclusions) This proposed system is effective and feasible.

Identification of the Response of a Controlled Building Structure Subjected to Seismic Load by Using Nonlinear System Models

Mosbeh R. Kaloop, Jong Wan Hu and Yasser Bigdeli

The present study investigates the prediction efficiency of nonlinear system-identification models, in assessing the behavior of a coupled structure-passive vibration controller. Two system-identification models, including Nonlinear AutoRegresive with eXogenous inputs (NARX) and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS), are used to model the behavior of an experimentally scaled three-story building incorporated with a tuned mass damper (TMD) subjected to seismic loads. The experimental study is performed to generate the input and output data sets for training and testing the designed models. The parameters of root-mean-squared error, mean absolute error and determination coefficient statistics are used to compare the performance of the aforementioned models. A TMD controller system works efficiently to mitigate the structural vibration. The results revealed that the NARX and ANFIS models could be used to identify the response of a controlled structure. The parameters of both two time-delays of the structure response and the seismic load were proven to be effective tools in identifying the performance of the models. A comparison based on the parametric evaluation of the two methods showed that the NARX model outperforms the ANFIS model in identifying structures response.

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